The sun has many good sides: with it we produce vital vitamin D, get in a good mood and, depending on the skin type, a healthy, vital complexion. But all of this is not entirely without danger. Three skin facts about sun and sunburn.
Fact 1: Every sun is a danger to the skin
Dry and blemished skin, itchy pustules - almost everyone had sunburn due to the lack of sun protection. And many have at least one a year. What sounds like a trifle is rather a drama for the skin and your own health (keyword skin cancer)!
The sun's UV rays are primarily responsible for the sun's damage to our skin, especially UVA light. On the one hand, this leads to the production of the pigment melanin, which colors our skin darker. On the other hand, the UVA light can penetrate into the areas of the middle skin and activate oxygen molecules in the skin. This leads to oxidation with other compounds to form free radicals which, together with UVA light, can even damage our DNA and influence the reproductive program that is set up in them. The cell disorder leads to the first broken cells that promote skin cancer.
The visible symptoms of skin burns heal after a short time, but the skin remains permanently damaged. She does n't forget .
Fact 2: Without sun protection, the sun ages the skin
What the skin also does not forget are the wrinkles that it gets from the sunlight:
UVA light is not only responsible for skin cancer, it also damages the stability of our skin: the middle skin contains the fibroblasts that are involved in the production of tissue. However, they can also form collagenase - and the enzyme they form when they are stimulated by UVA light. A problem for your own anti-aging program, because collagenase breaks down collagen, which is supposed to give our skin firmness. If the collagen is missing, the connective tissue of the skin is weakened and wrinkles form. In short: UVA light is the reason why extreme sun worshipers get leather and wrinkled skin.
Fact 3: We can protect our skin from the sun
Because of the horny layer and the melanin, our skin has its own protection, which means that the skin can be irradiated by the sun without further protective measures. However, this level of self-protection varies in strength from skin type to skin type:
- Skin type 1 : Light skin with freckles, hair color tends to be reddish. Self-protection time less than 15 minutes.
- Skin type 2 : fair skin, fair hair, freckles now and then. Self-protection time about 20 minutes.
- Skin type 3 : Rather dark hair, medium-light skin. Self protection 30 minutes.
- Skin type 4 : brownish skin, dark hair. Self-protection time 40 minutes.
- Skin type 5 : dark brown skin, black hair. Self protection 60 minutes.
- Skin type 6 : dark brown to black skin. Self protection up to 80 minutes.
The skin's self-protection against UV light also varies as the skin gets used to the sun, after all, the melanin has to be formed first. That is also the reason why the change from the German winter to the South African sun is incredibly risky.
In order to protect your skin from premature aging, sunburn and skin cancer as a man, you cannot avoid protective and care creams.
Only with sunscreen outside
Basically, you should always have sunscreen on when you go out in the sun - whether it's sunbathing or the short walk into town by bike. The sunscreen extends the skin's own protection time by the respective factor. A cream with a factor of 20 means 20 times 20 minutes for a skin type 2.
Sunscreen protects the skin from UV light via two mechanisms:
- They place a physical, inorganic filter on the surface of the skin that reflects the UV light and radiates it away from the skin. The filter consists of metal oxides, such as titanium or zinc oxide.
- Chemical, organic filters in the sunscreen penetrate deeper into the skin. Their protective film converts the UV rays into harmless heat, more precisely: infrared light.
What to do if you get sunburned? Facial care against wrinkles
For care after the sun, you should give your skin new moisture, support it in the fight against free radicals and supply important nutrients. Especially in the facial area, sensitive men's skin needs a well-designed face cream, because this is where wrinkles are most likely and most visible.
The Hydra Defense Cream provides your skin with intensive moisture and supports the natural moisturizing factor with urea and hyaluronic acid . Moisture is important so that the elasticity of the skin is stabilized and wrinkles have less chance. The vitamin C contained in the Hydra Defense Cream nourishes the skin and fights free radicals, which are involved in skin damage, as an antioxidant. In addition, zinc and panthenol care for the skin and have anti-inflammatory effects.
Especially in sunny times, you should use a face cream for men to protect your skin from premature aging and to care for it intensively. The Hydra Defense Cream is suitable for this. You can get the moisturizer here in the shop .
Don't get sunburned - and as always: #staysober