The sun has many good sides: With it we produce vital vitamin D, get in a good mood and, depending on skin type, a healthy, vital complexion. But all of this is not entirely without danger. Three skin facts about sun and sunburn.
Fact 1: Every sun is a danger to the skin
Dry and blemished skin, itchy pustules almost everyone has had sunburn due to a lack of sun protection. And many have at least one a year. What sounds like a trivial matter is much more a drama for the skin and your own health, keyword skin cancer!s)!
The sun's UV rays are primarily responsible for the sun's damage to our skin, especially UVA light. On the one hand, this leads to the production of the pigment melanin, which tones our skin darker. On the other hand, the UVA light can penetrate into the areas of the middle skin and activate oxygen molecules in the skin. This leads to oxidation with other compounds to form free radicals, which together with UVA light can even damage our DNA and influence the reproductive program in them. The cell disruption leads to the first broken cells that promote skin cancer.
The visible signs of burns heal after a short time, but the skin remains permanently damaged. youforgetsNot.
Fact 2: Without sun protection, the sun can age the skin
What the skin also doesn't forget are the wrinkles it gets from sunlight:
The UVA light is not only partly responsible for skin cancer, it also damages the stability of our skin: the fibroblasts, which are involved in the production of tissue, are in the middle skin. However, they can also produce collagenase and the enzyme they produce more intensely when they are stimulated by UVA light. A problem for your own anti-aging program, because collagenase breaks down collagen, which is supposed to give our skin firmness. If there is a lack of collagen, the connective tissue of the skin is weakened and wrinkles form. In short: UVA light is the reason why extreme sun worshipers develop leathery and wrinkled skin..
Fact 3: We can protect our skin against the sun
Our skin has its own protection through the horny layer and melanin, through which the skin can be exposed to the sun without further protective measures. This self-protection, however, varies in strength from skin type to skin type:
Skin type 1: Light skin with freckles, hair color tends to be reddish. Self-protection time less than 15 minutes.
Skin type 2: Light skin, light hair, now and then freckles. Self-protection time about 20 minutes.
Skin type 3: Fairly dark hair, medium-light skin. Self-protection 30 minutes.
Skin type 4: Brownish skin, dark hair. Self-protection time 40 minutes.
Skin type 5: Dark brown skin, black hair. Self-protection 60 minutes.
Skin type 6: Dark brown to black skin. Self-protection up to 80 minutes.
The self-protection of the skin against UV light also varies as the skin gets used to the sun, after all, melanin has to be formed first. That is also the reason why the change from the German winter to the South African sun is unimaginably risky.
To protect your skin from premature aging, sunburn and skin cancer, you cannot avoid using protective and nourishing creams.
Outside only with sunscreen
Basically, you should always have sun protection on when you go out in the sun, regardless of whether it is sunbathing or the short way into town by bike.. The sun cream extends the skin's own protection time by the respective factor. A cream with a factor of 20 means 20 times 20 minutes for skin type 2.
Sunscreen protects the skin from UV light through two mechanisms:
- They place a physical, inorganic filter on the surface of the skin, which reflects the UV light and radiates it away from the skin. The filter consists of metal oxides such as titanium or zinc oxide.
- Chemical, organic filters in sunscreen penetrate deeper into the skin. Their protective film converts the UV rays into harmless heat, more precisely: infrared light.
What to do with sunburn Face care against wrinklesn
For care after the sun, you should give your skin new moisture, support it in the fight against free radicals and supply important nutrients. Especially in the face area, sensitive skin needs a well-designed moisturizing cream, especially on the face, because this is where wrinkles are most likely and also most visible.n.
TheHydra Defense Cream gives your skin intensive moisture and supports iturea andhyaluronan thenatural moisturizing factor. The moisture is important so that the elasticity of the skin is stabilized and wrinkles have less chance. The vitamin C contained in the Hydra Defense Cream nourishes the skin and acts as an antioxidant to fight free radicals that are involved in skin damage. In addition, zinc and panthenol care for the skin and have an anti-inflammatory effect.
Especially in sunny times you should use a face cream to protect your skin from premature aging and to care for it intensively. The Hydra Defense Cream is suitable for this. You get the moisturizerhere in the shop.
Don't get sunburned and as always: #staysoberr