ätherische öle parfüm

Essential oils:the secret of a good perfume?

The positive effect on the partner, a stimulating scent or a feeling that you know from somewhere. Essential oils work in a variety of ways in a perfume. Their smell is stimulating, stimulating, calming or just refreshing.  The impressions of the top note, heart note and base note mix. It is perfume that has been beguiling for centuries and is made from a part of alcohol and a part of essential oils. Natural perfume consists of certified oils and perfume can also be made at home. In this article, we would like to clarify the topic and examine the effects, manufacture and composition of the essential oils in perfume.

Essential oils can do that

  1. Essential oils are said to have an anti-aging effect.
  2. Essential oils relax and stimulate.
  3. In addition to perfume, essential oils are also used in skin care.


What exactly are essential oils?
Three types of essential oils Many building blocks for perfumem
How does a perfume come from an essential oil??
Suitability: Essential oils in perfume are good for the skin?
Make your own perfume with essential oils

What exactly are essential oils?

The essential oils in a perfume are essences that are obtained from various available raw materials. There are vegetable, animal and also synthetic oils. They are generated via water vapor, expression, enfleurage or maceration. The more complex the process of producing an essential oil, the more expensive the fragrance will be in the end. When raw, essential oils are mostly volatile and flammable. In contrast to fatty oils, they evaporate without leaving any residue on the skin. Essential oils can be dissolved by alcohol and are also fat-soluble. However, the solution in water does not work.

Vegetable oils are formed in the plant by oil glands and then stored in the plant. They are found in barks, flowers, leaves, shells or resins. They are chemically similar to alkaloids. Well-known oils are cinnamon leaf oil or aloe vera.
Animal oils are extracted from animal fats and reused. They play a subordinate role in perfume production, because the animals are supposed to be spared today. The scent of the musk ox is historically known.

Synthetic oils are used instead. They imitate the scent of animal essential oils and are cheaper to manufacture. They create artificial fragrances that we are used to from nature, some of which are of very good quality. They are also referred to as artificial oils. In most publications, real essential oils mean vegetable oils. There are 3 basic types of essential oils:

  • Natural oils
  • Nature-identical oils
  • Artificial oils

Three types of essential oils Many building blocks for perfumem

For the production ofPerfume you divide the essential oils into different building blocks, which you can then use to create a fragrance. The largest part in a perfume is alcohol, but up to 20 of the perfume also consist of differently composed essential oils. The following modules are known::

  • Flowers: They are mostly used as the heart note of the perfume because of the imaginative and floral smell. The processes for producing this type of essential oil are very complex. Jasmine, lavender or mimosa are often used.
  • Fruits: The scent of fruits is very suitable as a top note because these scents are slightly volatile. Like citrus fruit oils, they are often used for summer perfumes. Grapefruit, lime or orange are common.
  • Spices: Heavy fragrances andMen's perfumes are often made with spices to give the fragrances more expression. Anise, ginger, cardamom or coriander are just as popular as nutmeg or rosemary.
  • Barks and resins: The fresh and sweet, rather woody scent of laps gives the perfume a green note that is subconsciously perceived. Cedarwood, myrrh, rosewood or sandalwood are known here.
  • Leaves, berries, mosses: The oils of leaves, berries and moss give the perfume a natural note with a certain tart freshness. Examples are bay leaves, juniper or vetiver grass.
  • Animal secretions: There are hardly any left. The best known is surely musk. For animal welfare, animal secretions such as civet or beaver horn are almost exclusively produced artificially.
  • Gourmet notes: Gourmet notes include caramel, sugar, honey or almond. They are often used for winter perfumes.

How does a perfume come from an essential oil??

The word perfume comes from the French and means fragrance. A perfume is therefore a fragrance that is composed of different building blocks. Similar to a house, it consists of various components. The foundation of the perfume is characterized by a fragrance that is intended to express the basic mood of a product. This so-called base note is the basic fragrance that characterizes a perfume. The perfume is then supplemented with a heart note that solidifies and refines this mood. This main house complements the solid foundation. A tart-fresh heart note is often used to create an invigorating effect, while a rather sweet note can stand for togetherness and closeness. Base and heart notes are the ingredients that make up the perfume. But a house also has a roof. Our roof is the top note. In order to refine the fragrance even further, the perfume is also equipped with special essential oils during production and added as a top note. The harmony of the individual scents is particularly important. Fragrances are often based on nature, but can also be created by trying. The composition of the components can also be thought of as the composition of a song. The base note, heart note and top note then result in a wonderful composition. In this post, we have summarized how you can use perfume correctly without fogging yourself or others:: Apply perfume correctly.

Effect and perception of essential oils in perfume

Base note

Heart note

Top note

Permanent fragrance: perceptible for a long period. Prevents the heart and top notes from evaporating quickly.

Only takes effect after approx. 15 minutes and is perceived with a delay.

It quickly evaporates and is the first thing you notice.

An overview of the dilution of essential oils

Essential oils are dissolved in ethanol in perfume. There are certain types of perfume that stand for the ratio of the dilution as a name. A distinction is made between the following dilutions:n:

  • Eau de Cologne EdC, 2-55%)
  • Eau de Toilette EdT, 4-88%)
  • Eau de Parfum EdP, 8-155%)
  • Perfume or Extrait 15-300%)

Suitability: Essential oils in perfume are good for the skin?

The use with essential oils is usually not in the form of perfume. For example, the opinion is known that lavender oil should help against acne. But how do the oils in perfume affect the pile? Many oils in their original form are not suitable for use on the skin, as they can show irritation and irritation. That is why the oils in the perfume are diluted. A dilution of 30 is recommended for perfume. It is diluted with ethanol. In this concentration, the oil has a positive effect on the skin and irritation only occurs in rare cases and with certain skin types. In general, you should therefore test the tolerance on an inconspicuous part of the body before using a perfume with essential oils.n.

Good oils for the skin with good tolerance:

  • almond oil
  • Sunflower oil
  • olive oil
  • Jojoba oil

If there is tolerance, the oils can act on the body. Oils get from the skin through their molecular structure into the bloodstream and into the tissue. Just like naturally absorbed oils, oils of the base note of a perfume can also act. However, the effect has not been researched or proven in detail, which is why you should listen to your body here.

Make your own perfume with essential oils

You need alcohol to make your own perfume. The 90 vol alcohol is available in the pharmacy and can be used to make your own perfume. In addition to alcohol, you also need essential oils for heart, top and base notes. You can get these oils as small concentrated bottles in the drugstore. So that you can mix them, you should first make a 20 alcohol solution, so dilute them.n.

If you do not dilute the oils, they are too intense to be able to create your own perfume. You can then work well with the diluted oils. The base note should have the largest share of the perfume. In addition to the base note, other smells can be added as a top note and heart note. You should be careful and use more volatile oils. The combination of the oils also affects the color. Dilution with water is not recommended as the oils are not soluble in water. So dilution in alcohol is the only way. Water would also cloud the perfume. If you want to change the color of a self-made perfume, you can use food coloring. We recommend starting with simple compositions and then increasing. 


In perfume, essential oils are responsible for the smell and thus the effect of a perfume. Most perfumes mix different oils into one composition. There are hardly any animal ingredients left, the current trend is towards natural and sustainable perfumes. You can also make perfume yourself, but the effort is great if you want to make the essential oils yourself.